What Is an S Corporation? How Does It Work?


s corporation


If you’re a small business owner or an entrepreneur, you might have heard the term “S corporation” thrown around. But what is it exactly, and how does it work? In this blog post, we’ll dive into everything you need to know about S corporations – from its benefits to its drawbacks – and help you decide if it’s the right choice for your business. So buckle up and let’s get started!


What Is an S Corporation?


An S corporation is a special type of corporation that offers certain tax benefits. S corporations are similar to regular corporations in many ways, but there are some key differences. For instance, S corporations are not subject to double taxation, meaning that the corporation does not pay taxes on its income. Instead, the shareholders of the corporation pay taxes on their share of the corporate income.


S corporations are also allowed to pass through income and losses to their shareholders. This means that the shareholders can report the income or loss on their personal tax returns. This can be a benefit because it allows shareholders to offset other income or losses they may have.


There are some restrictions on who can become an S corporation shareholder. For instance, trusts and partnerships cannot be shareholders in an S corporation. However, there are exceptions for some types of trusts such as qualified subchapter S trusts and voting trust agreements.


Who Can Set Up an S Corp?



To qualify to be an S corporation, a business must meet the following criteria:


  • Be a domestic corporation
  • Have only allowable shareholders, which include individuals, certain trusts, and estates and may not include partnerships, corporations, or non-resident aliens
  • Have no more than 100 shareholders
  • Have only one class of stock


How Does S Corp Work?


An S corporation is a special type of corporation that meets certain IRS requirements. S corporations are not liable for corporate income taxes; instead, the IRS taxes them as pass-through entities. This means that the S corporation’s income is “passed through” to its shareholders, who then pay personal income taxes on their share of the company’s profits. To qualify as an S corporation, a company must meet the following criteria:


  • It must have only one class of stock.
  • All of its shareholders must be individual US citizens or resident aliens. (Certain trusts and estates are also allowed.)
  • It cannot have more than 25% of its gross receipts from passive income sources such as interest, dividends, and rents.
  • It cannot have certain types of businesses, such as insurance companies and banks.


If a company meets all of these requirements, it can file Form 2553 with the IRS to elect S corporation status. Once this election is made, the company will be treated as an S corporation for tax purposes going forward.


How Does One Go About Setting Up An S Corp?


There are a few steps that need to be followed in order to set up an S Corp. The first step is to choose a business structure. There are many different types of business structures, and the type of business you have will dictate which one is best for you. Next, you will need to obtain a federal tax identification number for your business. This can be done by filing an application with the Internal Revenue Service. Once you have obtained your tax ID number, you will need to file Articles of Incorporation with your state. After your Articles of Incorporation have been approved, you will need to draft bylaws for your corporation. These bylaws will outline the rules and regulations that your corporation will operate under. Finally, you will need to hold a meeting of the incorporators and elect a board of directors. Once these steps have been completed, your corporation will be officially recognized as an S Corp.


Pros and Cons of S Corporations


There are a few key things to consider when weighing the pros and cons of an S corporation. On the plus side, S corporations offer some tax advantages and can help business owners save on self-employment taxes. They also offer liability protection for shareholders and can help businesses raise capital more easily. On the downside, S corporations have stricter rules and regulations than other business structures, and they can be more expensive to set up and maintain.


When it comes to taxes, S corporations can help business owners save on self-employment taxes. This is because S corporation income is only taxed at the shareholder level, not at the corporate level. This means that business owners only have to pay taxes on their share of the company’s profits, rather than on the entire amount. This can be a significant advantage, especially for small businesses.


Another advantage of S corporations is that they offer liability protection for shareholders. This means that if the company is sued, shareholders are not personally liable for any damages awarded against the company. This can be a very important consideration for businesses that may be at risk of litigation.


Finally, S corporations can help businesses raise capital more easily. Because S corporation shares can be sold to investors, businesses can use this structure to attract outside investment. This can be a critical source of funding for growing companies.


Of course, there are also some drawbacks to consider when deciding whether an S corporation is right for your business. One key downside is that S corporations have stricter rules and regulations than other business structures. For example, S corporations have to limit the number of shareholders they have and can’t issue multiple classes of stock. They also must keep careful records and file annual reports with the IRS.


In addition, S corporations can be more expensive to set up and maintain than other business structures, as they require additional paperwork and administrative costs. Finally, there are some types of businesses that cannot take advantage of an S corporation structure, such as banks or insurance companies.


Overall, S corporations offer some significant advantages for small business owners, including tax savings and liability protection. However, there are also a few drawbacks to consider when weighing the pros and cons of this business structure.


How Would I Know If S Corporation is Right for Me?


There are a few key things to consider when trying to determine whether an S corporation is the right business structure for you.


First, S corporations are only available to certain types of businesses—namely, small businesses with no more than 100 shareholders. If your business doesn’t meet this criteria, then an S corporation isn’t an option for you.


Second, S corporations have some unique tax implications that you need to be aware of before making a decision. Specifically, S corporation income is taxed at the shareholder level, rather than the corporate level. This means that each shareholder will pay taxes on their share of the company’s income, regardless of whether or not they receive a distribution from the company. For some business owners, this can be a significant advantage—but it’s something that you need to weigh carefully before deciding if an S corporation is right for you.


Third, there are some restrictions on who can serve as shareholders in an S corporation. Generally speaking, only individuals (including spouses) and certain types of trusts can be shareholders in an S corporation. This means that if your business has multiple owners, not all of them may be eligible to participate in the company’s tax status as an S corporation. Again, this is something that you need to take into account when deciding if this business structure is right for you.


If you’re still not sure whether or not an S corporation is right for your business, it’s best to consult with a tax professional. They can help you weigh the pros and cons of each option and make an informed decision about what type of business structure is best for your particular situation.


What Are Some Other Business Structures to Consider?


s corporation


There are several different business structures to consider when starting a business. The most common are sole proprietorships, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and corporations. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.


Sole Proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common type of business structure. It is easy to set up and you are not required to file any paperwork with the state. The downside is that you are personally liable for all debts and obligations of the business.


Partnership: A partnership is similar to a sole proprietorship, but there are two or more owners. Partnerships can be either general partnerships or limited partnerships. General partnerships provide for equal management and sharing of profits and losses between the partners, while limited partnerships have one or more partners who invest money but do not manage the business. Limited partnerships have less personal liability than general partnerships.


Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is a hybrid legal entity that combines features of both a corporation and a partnership/sole proprietorship. LLCs are relatively easy to set up and offer flexibility in how profits and losses can be distributed among the owners. Members of an LLC also have limited personal liability for debts and obligations of the business.




In conclusion, an S corporation is a type of business structure that allows owners to benefit from limited liability protection while also allowing them to enjoy the lower tax rate associated with pass-through taxation. It requires certain filing fees and paperwork in order to be registered as an S corporation, but once it is set up correctly, it can provide many benefits for its shareholders. If you are considering forming a business entity, researching if an S corporation may be right for you could be worth your time and effort.

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Kayla Bloom

Kayla Bloom

Kayla Bloom is a freelance Finance Writer specializing in topics related to Accounting, Bookkeeping, Taxes, and Business Finances. She lives in Miami, Florida.

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