What are Assets, Liabilities, and Equity?


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Assets, liabilities, and equity are all important terms in business. But what do they really mean? And why are they so important?


In this blog post, we will explore each of these concepts in more detail and explain what each one is good for.


From assets, which are things that help you generate revenue, to liabilities, which are the debts you owe to others, to equity, which is your ownership stake in a business, read on to learn more about these vital terms.


What is Asset?


An asset is anything of value that a business owns. This can include things like cash, equipment, and property—anything that can give the business an advantage over its competitors. Assets can be used to generate income, support operations, and protect the company from financial disaster.


It’s important to keep track of your company’s assets—not only because they’re valuable, but also because they can change quickly. If you know what your assets are and how much they’re worth, you can make decisions about how to use them best.


When it comes to assets, size doesn’t matter as much as liquidity and survivability. Small businesses usually have more liquid assets than big businesses do, which means they can move money around more easily. Big businesses usually have more survivable assets, which means they’re less likely to go out of business but may cost more in terms of maintenance.


Asset management is a critical part of running a successful business. A good asset manager will help you identify and assess your company’s assets, make recommendations about how to use them best, and monitor their condition so you know if there’s any risk of loss or damage.


Moreover, a solid grasp of business loans for assets financing can greatly benefit companies seeking to expand or invest in new assets. These loans provide businesses with the necessary funds to purchase new equipment, property, or other valuable assets without depleting their cash reserves.


Examples of Assets in a Business


Example of Assets in a Business: 


  1. Property
  2. Money
  3. Inventory
  4. Trade secrets
  5. Intellectual property


Types of Assets


There are many types of assets in a business, and each plays an important role in helping the business operate successfully. Assets can include tangible things like equipment and furniture, as well as intangible things like customer relationships and intellectual property.


Tangible assets such as equipment and furniture can be used to produce products or services. This means that they need to be maintained and operated properly in order to provide the best possible service to customers. Intangible assets, on the other hand, don’t necessarily need to be used in order to provide a product or service. For example, copyright protection might be an intangible asset that helps businesses generate revenue from their intellectual property.


Both types of assets need to be well-managed if the business is going to survive and thrive. Maintaining good physical and financial hygiene is key for both types of assets. Poor physical hygiene can lead to equipment breaking down or damage being done to buildings, while poor financial hygiene can lead to debt problems or bankruptcy. Both of these situations could have a negative impact on the overall health of the business.


What are liabilities in a business?


Liability is a term used in business to describe the financial obligations that a company has to its creditors and others. In general, liabilities are amounts of money that a business owes to others. A liability can be debt, an obligation, or a legal claim. When calculating the value of a business, liabilities are often one of the key factors to consider.


There are two main types of liabilities: operating and non-operating. Operating liabilities are those that come up while running the company: for example, money owed to suppliers for goods supplied, money owed to employees in wages and salaries, and so on. Non-operating liabilities are those that don’t typically come up while running the company: for example, debts due to government agencies or banks that have loans outstanding against the company’s assets.


Operating liabilities tend to be more important in terms of determining the value of a business. This is because they represent expenses that will likely need to be paid during the course of running the business. Non-operating liabilities tend to be less important in terms of value because they don’t typically need to be paid until some time after the business ceases operations (for example, loans due from banks). However, non-operating liabilities can also have a major impact on how profitable a business is overall because they can add up very quickly if not dealt with properly.


What are the examples of Liabilities?


The following are some examples of common liabilities in a business:


Loans: A company may borrow money from a lender to finance purchases or investments. The terms of the loan may require regular payments, and the company may be required to give up ownership of certain assets in order to secure the loan.


Mortgages: A mortgage is a loan used to purchase a house or other property. The borrower typically must make monthly payments until the debt is paid off. If the borrower fails to make payments, the lender may foreclose on the property and sell it at auction.


Credit card bills: Companies often contract with credit card companies to provide them with funds in exchange for interest on outstanding balances. If a company doesn’t pay its credit card bill on time, it can face penalties including interest rates that can reach 30%.


What is Equity?


Equity is a type of financial security that represents an ownership stake in a company. Equity holders are usually entitled to receive dividends, votes at shareholder meetings, and other benefits from the company.


The main types of equity are common stock, preferred stock, and capital stock. Common stock is the most common type of equity, and it represents the majority of equity in a company. Most companies issue new shares of common stock for sale to the public


Preferred stock is less common than common stock, but it can have important advantages over common stock. Preferred stock usually has a higher dividend payout than common stock, and it typically has fewer voting rights than common stock. Preferred shareholders may also be able to sell their shares at a premium if they want to do so.


Capital Stock is another type of equity that companies can issue. Capital Stock represents ownership in the company itself rather than an ownership stake in any of its assets or businesses. This type of equity has few voting rights and generally pays lower dividends than other types of equity.


How are Assets, Liabilities, and Equity related to each other?



The relationship between assets, liabilities, and equity is complex.  Assets are what a business has that can be used to pay its debts and provide income. Liabilities are the amounts that a business owes to others. And Equity is what a business owns, either through its own assets or by borrowing money.


An important way to think about these relationships is to consider them in terms of priority. Assets are usually given the highest priority, followed by liabilities, and then equity. This means that a business will usually try to protect its assets first, followed by its liabilities, and then its equity.


For example, if a business has $10,000 in assets and $5,000 in liabilities, it would generally prefer to pay its liabilities first (since they’re more immediate), and then use any remaining money to protect its assets (by buying insurance or putting money into a safe).


On the other hand, if a business has $100,000 in equity but only $10,000 in liabilities, it would prefer to use the equity to pay off the liabilities (since those debts are more pressing). In sum, assets are the priority, liabilities are next in line, and equity is last.




Assets are what a business has that it can use to pay its bills or debts. For example, a company might have inventory, money in the bank, or property on its balance sheet.


Liabilities are the obligations of a business – this includes things like loans payable and long-term borrowings.


Equity is what shareholders own – this could include shares of stock, options to purchase stock at a set price, or other forms of ownership. Understanding these three factors can help you understand how a company works and which parts are most important to watch for when assessing its prospects.


What is EcomBalance?


EcomBalance is a monthly bookkeeping service for eCommerce companies selling on Amazon, Shopify, Walmart, WooCommerce, BigCommerce, and other online marketplaces. Need help managing your assets, liabilities, and equity, get a custom pricing quote to work with EcomBalance.

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Kayla Bloom

Kayla Bloom is a freelance Finance Writer specializing in topics related to Accounting, Bookkeeping, Taxes, and Business Finances. She lives in Miami, Florida.

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